See Bibliography below:
The movie, released in 1958, was taken in large part from the book The Small Woman by Alan Burgess. One reviewer of the book said that the written material was more action-packed than the movie. The reviewer described Aylward as one “who had to deal with unbelievable conditions and reconcile her actions with her religious beliefs.”
“a well-produced, heartwarming movie starring the great actress Ingrid Bergman – it was a thorn in the side of Gladys Aylward. She was deeply embarrassed by the movie because it was so full of inaccuracies. Hollywood also took great liberties with her infatuation with the Chinese Colonel Linnan, even changing him into an Eurasian. But Gladys, the most chaste of women, was horrified to learn the movie had portrayed her in ‘love scenes‘. She suffered greatly over what she considered her soiled reputation.”
http://justus.anglican.org/resources/bio/73.html (alternate renditions say she and 100 orphans trekked the mountains for 22 days)
She met and became friends with “General Ley,” a Roman Catholic priest from Europe who had teken up arms when the Japanese invaded, and now headed a guerilla force. Finally he sent her a message. The Japanese are coming in full force. We are retreating. Come with us.” Angry, she scrawled a Chinese note, Chi Tao Tu Pu Twai, “Christians never retreat!” He sent back a copy of a Japanese handbill offering $100 each for the capture, dead or alive, of (1) the Mandarin, (2) a prominent merchant, and (3) Ai-weh-deh. She determined to flee to the government orphanage at Sian, bringing with her the children she had accumulated, about 100 in number. (An additional 100 had gone ahead earlier with a colleague.) With the children in tow, she walked for twelve days.
- Bibliography from bdcconline.net/en/stories and others
- Latham, R. O., Aylward, Gladys. One of the Undefeated: The Story of Gladys Aylward as Told by Her to R. O. Latham (1950).
- Swift, Catherine. Gladys Aylward: The Courageous English Missionary (1989).
- Thompson, Phyllis. London Sparrow (1971).
- The work of Gladys Aylward was memorialized in a 1959 film, The Inn of the Sixth
- Happiness, starring Ingrid Bergman. Most of the material for the film was derived front Alan Burgess, The Small (1957).
- Aylward’s letters are in the archives at the SOAS, University of London.